Solutions for Utility Locating and Mapping
The contemporary city is a labyrinth of streets and alleyways, buildings and obstructions.As confusing as cities above, the environment underneath them, on the other hand, can even be a lot more complicated: telephone, fiber optic, and power lines wrestle for space alongside gas and water mains, sewer and wastewater pipes. Providing additional challenges are the modern utilities that are always being fitted and current services transferred, with layers of modern utilities as well as those that date way back to the 19th century that are being discarded.
An underground mapping service available these days, which is considered as most important, is the utility mapping service. Utility mapping must be done before any excavation work is carried out in the homes or public places. It is often used to locate cables for electricity, telecoms and fiber optics, pipes that are metal or plastic, and drainage systems. Once all are aware there are utility services underground and which type, they can make sure not to burst any main water pipe or dig through electricity lines by mistake, creating chaos for residents nearby or causing accidents. Since utility mapping is not evasive, it can be done speedily and without causing a lot of disruption, particularly if the mapping service is happening in some active high-street or adjacent to a school, for instance.
Excavating contractors that encounter buried utilities while on the job can cause, at best, costly postponements and financial or penalties of some sort anywhere services are hampered; at worst, this development is usually accompanied by the risk of harm to workers and even loss.
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Before contractors launch excavation on some site, it is vital for them to make every necessary measures in detecting and locating whatever buried utilities will be affected during construction or excavation activities. The first situation usually calls for getting in touch with a “before you dig” contractor. These contractors collate information obtained from utility organizations concerning the location of their buried utilities, which they pass on (with a bill) to the excavating contractor.
Even though utility locating services offer important first sort-out for contractors, these are not foolproof – maps can be inaccurate or incomplete, utilities have probably been added, relocated, or taken out without such information being communicated. It is therefore advisable for excavating companies to contract someone who has the right qualifications, experience, and equipment to perform the utility locating and utility mapping services.
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Modern technology has introduced state-of-the-art equipment in the form of electromagnetic detectors, radio-detection, and GPRS (ground penetrating radar systems), etc., that can be used to correctly locate many different buried utilities including pipes and cables that are either metallic or non-metallic. Such utilities can be mapped afterwards using conventional survey techniques in combination with a GIS, or geographical information system, and GPS software.