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Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder which makes the blood glucose levels are above the standard level. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. As a result, the cells start starving for their food which is glucose. Glucose is obtained by the body from the food eaten. Muscles and the liver also supply sugar to your body. The sugar is transported through the bloodstream through the body. Diabetes is caused by the high blood glucose level.

Diabetes can cause serious health problems like kidney failure, blindness, and heart ailments. It is important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that will be closely monitoring and treat their cholesterol levels and their blood pressure. They will be able to run glucose levels tests.

There are different kinds of diabetes but the basic features are the same. There is an underlying reason why the body isn’t able to utilize the levels of glucose for energy which leads to the levels of glucose in the body to build up over the normal level. The main types of diabetes are type 1 and 2. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas does not make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. At times the cells in the body ignore the insulin. This makes them to not use glucose the way they are supposed to. Insulin resistance is the title used to refer to the cells that ignore insulin.
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There is a type of diabetes that pregnant women get called gestational diabetes. It will disappear when the pregnancy is over and can cause difficulties for the mom and infant, when it is not treated. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include old age, obesity, and family history of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes, and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes the risk factors involve genetic and environmental factors.
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Someone who thinks that he has diabetes should go to a doctor for a diagnosis. The symptoms include extreme hunger, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, sudden vision changes and feeling of the time. The skin can be dry and have sores that take time to heal. For diabetes type 1 the symptoms can include vomiting or sharp stomach pains.

There are many things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, physical activity, healthful eating, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood glucose levels closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes have been physical activity, eating, and blood sugar testing.